The Muslims have established Madinah as their home and the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) has started to establish the laws of Islam as revealed from Allah. The battles of Badr, Uhud and al-Khandaq are in the past and the Muslims were at war with the Quraysh, but yet the Prophet (peace be upon him) and fourteen hundred followers went on Umrah to Makkah. This idea was shocking to many Muslims since they are in a time of war and Makkah was the city of their enemies.
When the Quraysh saw that the Muslims were coming to Makkah unarmed and for their pilgrimage, this shocked them. They wanted to fight Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the companions, but they couldn’t because the Quraysh were known as the people who take care of the pilgrims. They also did not want the Muslims to enter, so they sent Urwah ibn Masud as the negotiator. The outcome of this was known as the “Treaty of Hudaibiyyah.”
These were the major points of the treaty:
- The Muslims shall return this time and come back next year, but they shall not stay in Makkah for more than three days.
- They shall not come back armed but can bring with them swords only sheathed in scabbards and these shall be kept in bags.
- War activities shall be suspended for ten years, during which both parties will live in full security and neither will raise sword against each other.
- If anyone from Quraysh goes over to Muhammad (peace be upon him) without his guardian’s permission, he should be sent back to Quraysh, but should any of Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) followers return to Quraysh, he shall not be sent back.
- Whosoever wishes to join Muhammad (peace be upon him), or enter in treaty with him, should have the liberty to do so; and likewise whosoever wishes to join Quraysh, or enter treaty with them, should be allowed to do so.
Economic Stimulus Plan for the Quraysh
Point four is clearly unfair, but Allah willed it later that it would be canceled at the request of the Quraysh. The major reason why the Quraysh wanted this treaty was because their economy had collapsed. Their caravans kept being under attack by the Muslims, so they needed this time to implement their “stimulus” plan. Even though this treaty was suppose to help the, point four backfired on them. Many converts to Islam from Makkah escaped their guardians and went to Madinah with the Muslims, but Muhammad (peace be upon him) said this is against the treaty and they must go back to Makkah to their guardians. They didn’t want to go back for fear of being tortured or killed, so they settled along the shore where the Makkan caravans would travel frequently. They settled there because they know they can get food/supplies in order to survive. So they started attacking the Makkan caravans which did not help the economy of Makkah under the Quraysh rule. So eventually the Quraysh cancelled point four and Muhammad (peace be upon him) was allowed to accept any person coming to Islam from Makkah.
The Shocked Muslims
When the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) agreed to this treaty, he had shocked all the Muslims, including the Sahabah. In fact they were so shocked, they were speechless and did not even respond verbally to the Prophet (peace be upon him). They felt like they were betrayed. They still followed him because they knew in their hearts that the Prophet (peace be upon him) knew what was best for everyone. This reminds me of many Muslims who accuse many scholars who agree with Muslims making treaties with the non-Muslims as “scholars for dollars” or “sell out scholars” without understanding the wisdom behind them. Just like the Muslims who had no idea of the benfit of this treaty that Muhammad (peace be upon him) saw.
Applying this to the Muslim Ummah of today
Fast forward today. We have three major areas of the world where Muslims are occupied by one major supporting government. You can call them the modern-day Quraysh, the United States government. They occupy Iraq and Afghanistan. They also directly finance and assist in the occupation of Palestine. How can the treaty of Hudaibiyyah be applied to these current situations. Very simple. The Quraysh occupied the House of Allah. Yet, Muhammad (peace be upon him) went into a peace treaty with them for ten years, even though it did not last for ten years, he still agreed to it.
How many Muslim governments or leaders would accept a peace agreement for ten years with America or Israel or any government attacking the Muslims? The major benefit of the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah was this point
Whosoever wishes to join Muhammad (peace be upon him), or enter into treaty with him, should have the liberty to do so; and likewise whosoever wishes to join Quraysh, or enter into treaty with them, should be allowed to do so.
That single point of the treaty allowed Islam to increase from 1,400 to 10,000 (and those were just the numbers coming to Makkah before the treaty and then after the treaty). Now if you apply this to the modern day era of the Muslim world, imagine if Palestine and Israel completely ended all fighting, disarmed all groups and stopped fighting. Imagine all the Palestinians and all the different groups focused on one thing and one thing only: Dawah. Calling people to Islam. What would happen in one year? Two years? Ten years? The situation can only improve as evidence in the Seerah.
What about Iraq and Afghanistan? If the Muslim groups completely stop fighting. Sign a treaty that forces of America will have to leave completely and they will not have to fear any attacks from the Muslims. Then all the different groups can focus on rebuilding their country and homes. Establishing Islam and forget about fighting the enemies since the occupying forces would have been gone.
Too many Muslim thugs in the Ummah
Unfortunately, these peace treaties would likely not happen due to the thousands of thugs we have in the ummah who simply just want to kill the kufar and basically any Muslim who is in their way. I would even say groups like Al-Qaeda or Hamas would never agree to the “Treaty of Hudaibiyyah” and continue to wage warfare.
Solutions are clear, but we aren’t there
The solutions in the seerah are detailed and clear, but we lack the knowledge and time to get there. Some Muslims who claim jihad are actually looking at the non-Muslims for solutions such as sucicide bombing or attacking non-military forces or beheadings of prisoners of war. Even the military equipment used by these groups are made by the non-Muslims. Some of them even were trained by them (before having any military knowledge) and now they are fighting their “teachers”.
“Islam prospers in peaceful times not in war.” – Sh. AbdulBary Yahya
The Prophet (peace be upon him) called the treaty of Hudaibiyyah, “A clear victory”. May Allah (swt) give the Muslims who are fighting this clear victory. Ameen!